Thursday, August 27, 2020

marriage under fire :: essays research papers

Marriage enduring an onslaught We should recall what marriage is for and why God has given it the structure he did. Marriage is to be between a man and a lady. This returns to the very beginning and why God made lady in any case; â€Å"to give an accommodating mate to Adam; it was bad that man ought to be alone† (Genesis 1:18, 20-23). So we see that marriage was God's thought, not men. Knowing this, why on the planet would we as Americans give that privilege to gay couples? Marriage is a gift the God provided for man. In the public eye today, numerous people have overlooked the significance of marriage. Individuals have the inclinations to wed anybody at whenever on the grounds that they don't see the centrality of marriage and God. America was established by God and his convictions. The United States shouts God wherever from money to the Pledge of Allegiance. Along these lines meaning, for what reason would the United States, a position of God, permit something ethically off-base and corrupt? Some would co ntend that gay marriage is a positive development for human rights. They trust it is a demonstration of opportunity. This isn't right since gay marriage is everything God remains against. Residents today don't reserve the option to attempt to include or erase any sacred texts in the Bible to support themselves. God made the Bible to manage individuals the correct way. Individuals need to peruse the holy book so as to comprehend the word, not to transform it. Tolerating gay marriage would just damage America. It is a significant danger to the structure of families. The nation ought not trifle with the importance of marriage and on a higher note attempt and remove it. â€Å"Marriage resembles a spic and span vehicle: when you remove that vehicle from the vehicle parcel its estimation devalues. Giving gay people the option to wed would devalue the estimation of marriage and the pride it once conveyed will be no more. In addition to the fact that it does that, however more critically it conflicts with God! We should safeguard our qualities and ethical quality for a long time into the future, for those kids being conceived today and next year.† The marriage between two individuals of a similar sex is against Gods convictions, a danger to the structure of families and a wrongdoing to humanity. With commitment and persistence individuals who contradict gay relationships can prevail with regards to completion the discussion of making it lawful.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Rap Music Controversy free essay sample

Since rap music advanced toward the music scene, it has been a subject of much debate and contention. Rap music discussion appears to constantly develop corresponding to the prevalence of the music itself. Individuals have been favoring one side on the Issue on whether rap music Is appropriate or not - ? or then again If It Is even to be considered as music in any case. Everything began smooth from the start, the music was unconventional with a little entertaining scratching sound In the foundation. Hip-jump music with Its rhymes and superb low-recurrence beat Is the music everyone moves to on the move floor. A few older folks state Its lone a pattern, Just the children singing (and moving) their heart out, nothing genuine about It. Be that as it may, music advances as more youthful ages make a special beat every once in a while. Maybe every age attempts to characterize their personality with the music they make. We will compose a custom paper test on Rap Music Controversy or on the other hand any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Abruptly, The Old Rap, which skipped more on the cadence than the verses, starts to develop into another form.The drumbeats resonated with packing break thumps, crazier scratching, and the greatest debate of all - ? content completely moved. The verses transformed into dreadful, fierce, and shameful words; mothers and fathers tune in with scorn and swear not to let their children get an ear for that sort of music, or clamor, as they will presumably call it. Then again, youths discovered rap engaging and they love sticking to it frantically. Rap music debate heightened when Gangs Rap was acquainted with the world.The yards of such huge numbers of tunes talk about executing with the hints of weapon shots out of sight. This degree of rap was scrutinized in light of its realistic sexual substance and Its advancement of savagery. Express verses incorporate discussions about medications and ladies are alluded to with disdainful descriptive words. Rap keeps on inspiring a conflict of Ideas and ideas between pundits, who state rap music celebrates savagery, and specialists who are guaranteeing their opportunity to communicate and tell their story.The shopping center measure for rap music debate Is the express verses and how they Influence youthful people groups lifestyle and discourse. Rap so regularly discusses medications, liquor, and brutality to be standards throughout everyday life. Another motivation behind why rap music discussion warmed up Is with the Issue in regards to ladies. Ladies are debased In the verses, numerous individuals see rap as anta-female. Rap music is known to advance bigotry, savagery, and scorn for ladies. Rap specialists talk about assault, attack, and inappropriate behavior as if they are okay.Some individuals, notwithstanding, contend that rap can give audience members important AP craftsmen who don't utilize loathe language on their verses. There are numerous positive messages originating from verses of specific rappers like Nas, Moms Defy, Black Eyed Peas, The Streets, and numerous different craftsmen who want to keep their music spotless and fitting for everyone ears. Rap music discussion grows from content. Ideally in the coming years, specialists will turn out to be progressively insightful and utilize careful words. On the off chance that this occurs, everybody will be entertained and the rap music discussion contest will in the end.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Its time COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog

Its time COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog Were thrilled to announce that SIPAs 2018 Application Portal has officially opened. But dont click the APPLY NOW button just yet. Before wading through the choppy waters of your admission application, we recommend you get your ducks in a row. To get started 1. Subscribe to the  Admissions Blog   Yes, this blog! 2. Add the  Application Deadlines  to your calendar  Absolutely all materials must be submitted by the deadline to be eligible for the entry term. MIA, MPA, MPA-DP PROGRAMS SPRING 2018  (MIA/MPA only) October 15, 2017 at 11:59 p.m. EST FALL 2018 Early Action Deadline:  November 2, 2017 at 11:59 p.m. EST Fellowship Consideration Deadline:  January 5, 2018 at 11:59 p.m. EST Final Application Deadline:  February 5, 2018 at 11:59 p.m. EST 3. Register for and attend an in-person or virtual  Information Session    Well add more throughout the year, so check back frequently. 4. Practice your  Video Essay  response Yes, its required, but dont stress too much. Just review the link  for detailed help. 5. Relax and enjoy this photo of the Admissions Offices unofficial mascot, Sutton. Yeah, we know shes adorable. The photo up top. No, shes not for sale. Want to learn more? Email us at  with any questions you have about the application process.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Nonelectrolyte Definition in Chemistry

A nonelectrolyte is a substance that does not exist in an ionic form in aqueous solution. Nonelectrolytes tend to be poor electrical conductors and dont readily dissociate into ions when melted or dissolved. Solutions of nonelectrolytes do not conduct electricity. Examples of Nonelectrolytes Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is a nonelectrolyte because it does not ionize when dissolved in water. Sugar is another example of a nonelectrolyte. Sugar dissolves in water, yet retains its chemical identity. Telling Electrolytes and Nonelectrolytes Apart Electrolytes tend to contain ionic bonds that break when the chemical interacts with water and other polar solvents. Electrolytes include salts and other polar molecules.Nonelectrolytes, in contrast, tend to contain covalent bonds and are typically nonpolar molecules.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Supply Chain Management Network - 927 Words

Risk Pooling In this economic climate that we find ourselves in at the present time organization is looking for a way to cut cost and save money, at the same time providing the best product that they can provide to their customers. In this highly competitive economic market place their seems to be some many choices for consumers to choose from that they have their pick of the market place. In order fro organizations to keep up with them they have to make sure that they always have the appropriate amount of inventory in stock or they could potentially loose customers to another competitor. This has caused organizations to start to look at their supply chain management network and evaluate how reliable it is and is it performing up to standard or are they loosing customers because their supply chain network is not being properly managed. Supply Chain Management Network (Simchi-Levi, Kaminsky, Simchi-Levi, 2008) Most supply chain management networks are very basic in it’s make up you have a factory or manufacture, a distributor or distribution center, a wholesaler and a retailer. The factory or the manufacture is responsible for making sure that it has enough inventory on hand at all times to supply the distributors that depend on them to keep them supplied with inventory. It is up to the manufacture to make sure that they have the raw materials that they need to product whatever product the distributors are relying on them to provide them. The distributor most ensure that itShow MoreRelatedSupply Chain Management and Logistics Network2406 Words   |  10 Pageswould like to consider an alternative distribution strategy in which the five regional warehouses are replaced with a single, central warehouse that will be in charge of all customer orders. Part A: Describe how you would design a new logistics network consisting of only a single warehouse. Part B: Provide an outline of such an analysis; what are the main steps? Part C: Specifically, what data would you need? Part D: What are the advantages and disadvantages of the newly suggested distributionRead MoreHow Supply Chain Management Is Essential For Successful Movement Of Goods Through A Supply Network811 Words   |  4 PagesReal World Process Interview Supply Chain Management is essential to successful movement of goods through a supply network. Many supply chains involves multiple processes and service providers. Most businesses operate in a just-in-time environment, managers must develop efficient, and cost effective ways of moving goods through the process to prevent loss revenue. Maria Hannah, Owner of The Clean Dog Pet Grooming Company provides pet grooming servicing and manufacturing of pet garments. ThisRead MoreSupply Chain Management Of United Parcel Services1588 Words   |  7 Pages Title Page: Supply Chain Management of United Parcel Services (UPS) Individual Research Paper Written in Fulfillment of Activity 8.5 Course Requirements for LGMT 683 October 2014 Term Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University – Worldwide December 12, 2014 By Minina Johnson â€Æ' Abstract This research paper is written to explain the importance of globalization and supply chain management of the United Parcel Service (UPS). In this document, the reader will obtain the history and development of UPS asRead MoreSuppliers And Supply Chain Management1580 Words   |  7 PagesASSIGNMENT #1:Suppliers and Supply chain management Submitted by Vishnu Gandhamaneni Student Id: 30129773 LECTURER TUTOR: Mr. Gopi Krishna Akella â€Æ' Table of content 1.Abstract 3 2.Introduction 3 3.Basic principles of SCM 4 4.Advantages of SCM 4 5.Problems on SCM 5 6.Solutions of SCM 5 7.Case study description 6 8.Conclusion 8 9.References 9â€Æ' A Complete Study of Suppliers and Supply Chain Management in E-Commerce Vishnu GandhamaneniRead MoreMarketing Analysis : Global Supply Chain Essay1721 Words   |  7 PagesGlobal supply chain remains a highly contested theme and there have been many attempts to define the real winner and competition of market power in the literature. The participant network varies in size and scope, depending on the products involved, geographic dispersion of supply and demand, and customer service requirements. Martin Christopher (2011: 15) states that within global supply chains the real competition is not company against company but rather, supply chains against supply chains. ThisRead MoreSupply Chain Management For A Competitive Advantage1505 Words   |  7 Pagescompetitive advantage. It is called supply chain management and it includes all integrated activates which introduce to market place and maintain customer satisfaction. This supply chain management drives from multi- disciplinary departments such as procuring, transportation, manufacturing products, custo mer services, distribution of product into integrated program. Successful management will be in coordination and integrated in all these activate in an unbroken chain process. It supports and interconnectedRead MoreCase Study : Supply Chain Management1028 Words   |  5 PagesSUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN RETIAL INDUSTRY: CONCEPTS, STRATEGIES AND WALMART CASE STUDY Mian Wang CID: 01090728 Imperial College Business School, MSc Management ABSTRACT With the rapid increase of operation cost and fast development of E-commence in today’s retail industry, traditional operation management models are antiquated. Companies attempt to enhance competitive capacity through management innovation, and an increasing amount of attention is paid to their supply chain management forRead MoreTraditional Legacy Management Reporting And Decision Support Systems1516 Words   |  7 PagesConsidering the traditional legacy management reporting and decision support systems, they could not maintain performance and build a competitive advantage after the acquisition strategy and expansion. Almost 21 decided to utilize an integrated system that could facilitate transaction processing, analytical work and reporting so as to forecast accurately to follow the fashion trend and react rapidly to the target market. Appreciating the development of information technology, with its capabilityRead MoreHistorical Developments in Supply Chain Management1151 Words   |  5 Pages------------------------------------------------- Historical developments in supply chain management Six major movements can be observed in the evolution of supply chain management studies: Creation, Integration, and Globalization (Movahedi et al., 2009), Specialization Phases One and Two, and SCM 2.0. 1. creation era The term  supply chain management  was first coined by a U.S. industry consultant in the early 1980s. However, the concept of a supply chain in management was of great importance long before, in the early 20thRead MoreGlobal Supply Chain Network Challenges1259 Words   |  6 Pagesconfronted compelling supply chain network challenges that extended their abilities to the limit. Both the dominance of characteristic calamities and gigantic monetary swings brought about great difficulties over the supply chain. These challenges have not diminished. Supply chains, which once worked just about on autopilot, face numerous perils today in both the worldwide and the domestic market. This paper covers the most common hazards in the worldwide supply chain network and strategies for hazard

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Macbeth Critique - 1404 Words

A critique on the main character in William Shakespeares Macbeth. So foul and fair a day I have not seen. This is a famous quote by Macbeth, the antagonist in William Shakespeares classic work, The Tragedy of Macbeth. This one line takes place when Macbeth and Banquo are returning from their victory in battle over the Norwegians. Following this quote further it could be looked at in a broader spectrum of Macbeths triumphs and failures. He goes from a warrior hero to a murderer, and lastly, his tragic flaw brings him to his death. When critiquing Macbeth the main points to look at are his actions, blind ambition, excessive pride, and lastly, his boldness and impression of personal invincibility which eventually leads to his death. See†¦show more content†¦Banquos reluctance to dwell on the witches predictions therefore underscores, by contrast, the nature of Macbeths descent into evil. (Scott; 238)To reiterate, looking at Macbeths ambition throughout the tragedy, I came to on e conclusion. As time passes, a once moral man cannot hold off the temptations of the power he could achieve. This idea is stated in the following passage: One of the most significant reasons for the enduring critical interest in Macbeths character is that he represents humankinds universal propensity to temptation and sin. Macbeths excessive ambition motivates him to murder Duncan, and once the evil act is accomplished, he sets into motion a series of sinister events that ultimately lead to his downfall. (Scott; 236) As one can clearly see, Macbeths ambition clearly got to him and he couldnt overpower it. Furthermore, the last flaw in Macbeth is his boldness and impression of personal invincibility. Toward the end of the play when Macbeth approaches the witches for three more prophesies, which seem impossible. The first prophecy is the head of Macduff warning Macbeth of a bloody revenge by Malcolm. The second is a blood-covered child who explains to Macbeth that he cannot be harmed by anyShow MoreRelatedThe Shakespearean Era Of Shakespeare s Macbeth1023 Words   |  5 Pagesimprovements. In the following paragraphs, I will analyze and critique one of William Shakespeare’s most famous works; Macbeth. To begin, Macbeth is a tragedy which is broken down into five acts. The audience should assume the duration of the events to take place over roughly four months. â€Å"Macbeth† has a very intriguing plotline with several twists. The opening scene in this eerie drama revealed three witches prophesizing the rise of Macbeth as the king of Cawdor. King Duncan was the current king ofRead MoreBook Thief Macbeth Comparison1656 Words   |  7 PagesMacbeth amp; The Book Thief: A Comparison between Ambition present in the Novels In comparing Shakespeare’s Macbeth and Zusak’s Book Thief, though the books deal with different time eras, characters and even language styles, there are some striking similarities between the themes in both novels. The themes are evident throughout both novels, these themes give a better understanding of the author’s message he wants to portray to his audience. Both books show ambition effectively in many situationsRead MoreEssay about Gender Roles in Macbeth1453 Words   |  6 PagesGender Roles in Macbeth  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Although written long ago, Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Macbeth still has themes relevant for contemporary society.   Murderous ambition, political intrigue, crafty social alliances, the disintegration of marriage – these could be headlines from any daily news program.   It comes as no surprise, then, that we also find a significant number of moments in the play where gender seems to be an issue. More specifically, we might say that Shakespeares dramatic investigationRead MoreCulture is a Power Tool Used in Literature1261 Words   |  5 Pagesnovels to send a powerful message. In the play Macbeth, playwright, Shakespeare, introduces the plot base of a tragic hero. The author, Chinua Achebe, models his main character of Okonkwo in the novel, Things fall apart, off of Shakespeares famous character Macbeth for the purpose of highlighting culture. The idea of a tragic hero is clearly defined in Shakespeares play Macbeth and in Achebe’s Things Fall Apart. Both the characters, Okonkwo and Macbeth, have the same tragic flaw, which is a fearRead More Blood Imagery in Macbeth Essay1916 Words   |  8 PagesShakespeare’s Macbeth is a story taken from Scottish history and presented to the Scottish king James I. Shakespeare took this gory tale of murderous ambition, however, and transformed it into an imaginative tale of good and evil. Shakespeare brought about this transformation by relying upon â€Å"imaginative verbal vigor† that imbeds itself in the brilliantly concentrated phrases of this literary work. Critics have dubbed it his darkest work, along with King Lear. In his critique of Shakespeare’s worksRead More Psychoanalytical Criticism2775 Words   |  12 PagesPsychoanalytical criticism is a form of literary critique, which uses some of the techniques of psychoanalysis in the interpretation of li terature. Lacanian critics examine psychoanalytic phases such as the Symbolic and apply this phase while interpreting literary texts. Lacanian critics also associate the literary work’s content to broader Lacanian concepts, such as the Phallic and the Other. The focus of this essay is to apply these psychoanalytical techniques while interpreting Lady Macbeth’sRead MoreThe Complicated Politics Of Gender Identity Essay3466 Words   |  14 PagesQueerness in Macbeth: The Complicated Politics of Gender Identity Saswata Kusari and Prof. Mahua Bhattacharjee Abstract: The thematic concern of appearance and reality is dealt with at various levels in Macbeth. This paper is an exploration of how the conventional ideas of gender and sexuality are subverted in this play. The paper would also seek to explore how the paradigmatic shift in the conventional gender identity creates a sense of queerness. Our attempt is to interrogate the play from anRead MorePolanski’s Version of Macbeth Essay2151 Words   |  9 PagesPolanski’s Version of Macbeth Prior to discussing its validity, Pearlman’s assertion requires some clarification. It is understood to suggest that through the depiction of tenth or eleventh century Scotland, Shakespeare’s Macbeth, and Polanski’s cinematic version of it, present particular views of the political world.[1] The issues, which the play and the film raise, are generic, in that they can apply beyond the specific setting. Although Pearlman records Polanski’sRead MoreLady Macbeth Character Analysis768 Words   |  4 PagesIn the play Macbeth, the character Lady Macbeth has changed throughout Act I and Act V tremendously. Her attitude has changed heavily from her being cold-hearted and harsh in the beginning, to being dominated by guilt. Lady Macbeth’s transformation reveals the darkness of human nature and eventually dark ambition leads to Macbeth murdering Duncan to be king. This play critiques or upholds prescribed gender roles because when Lady Macbeth is pushing Macbeth to murder Duncan, she feels as if she hasRead MorePsychoanalytical Criticism of Macbeth1170 Words   |  5 PagesPsychoanalytical criticism is a form of literary critique, which uses some of the techniques of psychoanalysis in the interpretation of literature. One of the more prevalent Psychoanalytical theorists after Freud was Jacques Lacan. In his text, â€Å"The Signification of the Phallus,† asserts that the ide a of both sexes are based on the male â€Å"being† and the female â€Å"having† the phallus, and these two differences determine the relations between the sexes while also bringing them together. For Lacan, the

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Looking for Alibrandi Chapter summaries free essay sample

Josephine Alibrandi is beginning a new school year as the vice-captain of St Martha’s school in Sydney. She promises to be good but already gets in trouble on the first day. Josie introduces herself to the reader as an Italian living in Australia. She lives with her mother, who had her before she was married, doesn’t know her father, and has a close relationship with both her mother and nonna (grandmother). When Josie arrives home after school, her mother tells her that her father, Michael Andretti, is in town unexpectedly. Chapter 2 Josie introduces her friends: Sera, Anna and Lee, and her school enemy: Ivy Lloyd (Poison Ivy). Josie also participates in ‘Have a Say Day’, where she sits next to Jacob Coote, the captain of Cook High, a local public school. He teases and flirts with her. Jacob makes a speech about making the most of freedom. The speech affects Josie. We will write a custom essay sample on Looking for Alibrandi Chapter summaries or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Chapter 3 Josie visits her grandmother and examines the fact that she is illegitimate. She has an argument with her grandmother, who Josie thinks is too hard on her mother. Michael, Josie’s father, shows up unexpectedly, and Josie gives him a clue that she could be his child. Josie also explores her frustration with her culture. Chapter 4 Josie has a talk with John Barton, a boy that she has a crush on and respects, after the school debate. She comments on the polarisation of their two families, and he talks about his father’s expectations on him with quite a bit of bitterness. Josie is surprised that John is having problems, because his life is what she has always dreamed of. Josie gets a new job at McDonalds. Chapter 5 Josie goes to the school dance in a dress that her nonna made her. Jacob and John are both there, and Jacob dances with her for most of the night. Jacob gives Josie a lift home on his motorbike and tells her that his mother died. They talk about the differences in their families, and Josie says that he has to meet her mother if he wants to date her. Jacob is angry, and they decide to forget trying to get together. Chapter 6 Josie and her mother, Christina, goes to her nonna’s place for a family BBQ. Michael Andretti is also there. Josie overhears a conversation between Christina and Michael, and it is clear how much Josie means to her mother and how much Michael doesn’t want to be involved with Josie. Josie confronts Michael, and they agree to keep their distance from each other. Josie talks about this with her mother and asks her what her mother dreamed of when she was 17. Chapter 7 Josie and her mother spend Easter with the family. Josie ends up having to spend the night with her nonna, and nonna tells Josie that she used to be a beautiful woman. She tells Josie about moving to Australia with her husband and how difficult it was moving to a new place. Josie is surprised at how her nonna managed to cope with all of this hardship and that she has managed to do so well. Chapter 8 Josie overhears a girl from her school, Carly, talking about some Italians at a nightclub she went to as wogs. Josie gets angry at this and hits Carly in the face with a book. Carly’s father, an influential TV personality, wants to sue Josie for breaking Carly’s nose. Josie tells them that her father is a lawyer and calls Michael to come help her. He arrives and sorts the situation out. Josie is extremely proud to leave school with her father and intentionally talks about his work so that everyone will know he is a lawyer. Chapter 9 Sister Louise reveals that she knows what is happening in Josie’s life and is worried about how she is coping with it all. Josie’s mother, Christina, and her grandmother fight when Christina wants to go out on a date. After her grandmother leaves, Josie is also rude about her mother’s date, and they fight. Chapter 10 A local bully who used to live next door to Josie, Greg Sims, threatens Josie and her friend Anna after work at McDonald’s. Jacob Coote and his friend Anton rescue them from the attack. Jacob takes Josie home and asks her out on a date, agreeing that he will meet her mother. Chapter 11 After apologising for the way she acted when her mother when her mother went on a date, Josie asks if she can go out with Jacob. Christina agrees, though has a conversation with Josie about how Jacob will be wanting to have sex with her. Chapter 12 Josie spends the afternoon with her grandmother, looking through old photo albums. Her nonna tells her stories of the difficulties of being new to Australia in the 1930s-40s and shows Josie pictures of Marcus Sandford, a policeman who was her first Australian friend. When nonna’s parents died in Italy, nonna broke down at the post office. Marcus was also there and comforted her. Josie reflects on how lonely it must have been for her nonna, especially not being able to speak English. Chapter 13 Jacob picks Josie up for her date, but he is dressed poorly and hardly speaks to her mother at all. Josie is furious with him. They argue instead of going to the movies, and Josie decides to walk home. On the way she is picked up by her father. They have dinner together, and Michael reveals that, even though he didn’t know that Josie had been born, he is not sure he would have come back for her if he had known. He then offers her work at his legal office. Chapter 14 Josie meets John Barton, who is depressed about his relationship with his father and the constant pressure on him to be the best at things he doesn’t really care about. Josie suggests they each write down their feelings on paper; so they exchange their sealed notes to be opened at the end of the year. Chapter 15 At their local cafe, Josie and her friends discuss careers and boys. Josie meets Jacob on the way home, and he asks for a second chance. They arrange to wag school for a day and go to the beach. Chapter 16 Jacob and Josie meet up, and this time their date is more successful. They spend time on the beach and talk about what it means for Josie to be Italian. She seems to be coming to terms more with her culture. They kiss for the first time. Chapter 17 Josie is getting to know her father better through working with him and taking a trip to Adelaide with him. Josie finds out a little about the feelings her father once had for her mother and realises that she enjoys having Michael around. Chapter 18 Poison Ivy calls Josie a ‘new Australian’ and accuses Josie’s ancestors of killing her grandfather in the war. They argue about what it is to be Australian and also fight about John Barton, who they both have had feelings for. Jacob picks Josie up in his new car, and Josie realises she has strong feelings for him, but wonders if he also thinks of her as a ‘new Australian’. Chapter 19 Josie participates in ‘Tomato Day’, an Italian family tradition where all of her relatives spend the day cooking and bottling tomato sauce. Josie realises that, whether she likes them or not, some traditions are so strongly and deeply a part of her that she cannot ignore them. She also hears more about nonna’s husband and is told that all Italian men were put into a camp for ‘aliens’ during the war years. During that time, Marcus helped nonna around the house. Chapter 20 Josie abandons her duty as supervisor at the school walk-a-thon to follow her friends who are going to see if they can find a pop star who is in town. Sister Louise finds out and accuses Josie of conforming and being like a ‘sheep’. She also tells Josie that she was elected captain of the school, but that Sister Louise didn’t think she could handle it and made her vice-captain instead. Josie realises that what she did was wrong and apologises, and also realises that she is much more popular at school than she thought. Chapter 21 Josie goes to see Macbeth with John, but Jacob, who is also at the movies with his friends, thinks that Josie is cheating on him. He confronts Josie, who is then forced to consider her true feelings for John and Jacob, as well as her prejudices about other people’s backgrounds. Chapter 22 Josie and her mother spend a nice day together. Josie wishes her mother and father would find a way to get back together. Chapter 23 Josie’s grandmother tells her about the Australian, Marcus Sandford, who once loved her, and how she had to send him away because of the scandal that would have caused. Josie begins to respect her nonna even more. Chapter 24 Jacob and Josie argue when she refuses to introduce him to her grandmother. The following day Josie goes to Jacob’s house and meets her father. Later they make out, and Jacob wants to go further. Josie tells him that she is not ready to have sex wit him. Chapter 25 Josie’s world is turned upside down when she realises that her grandmother has lied to her. A chance remark that nonna made about Josie’s grandfather being out of time when Christina was conceived reveals that nonna was unfaithful to her Italian husband and that the Australian, Marcus Sandford, is actually Christina’s father. This changes how Josie feels about herself. Chapter 26 Josie reconciles with her grandmother who explains the difficult decisions she had to make thirty-six years previously. Josie finds out that this is why her grandfather was so mean to nonna and Christina and also why her grandfather kicked Christina out of the house when she was pregnant with Josie. Josie decides not to tell her mother. Chapter 27 Josie meets up with John Barton, who seems to be much happier about life and tells Josie that he once had a crush on her. She admits that she felt the same way. Josie is confused, however, when John tells her that she should get to know Ivy Lloyd better and that they have a lot in common. Chapter 28 Ivy tells Josie that John has committed suicide. She is deeply shocked and devastated. Later she reads the note he wrote to her about his feelings and realises how alone and lost he was. Josie also realises that she will achieve her freedom in this life by living, and that the tragedy of John’s death is that he felt he needed to die to achieve his emancipation. Chapter 29 At the school speech night, where Josie receives a prize, Josie realises that John was right and that she had a lot in common with Ivy. Later in the evening, Josie’s father tells her that he is proud of her and wants her to take on his name. She isn’t sure what to do because she has a strong connection with her mother and nonna, and doesn’t want them to feel rejected. Chapter 30 Jacob breaks up with Josie, telling her that they are too different to be together, that he is confused and that he needs to find out who he is by himself. He also reassures Josie that she did the right thing by not having sex with him. Chapter 31 The exams are over, and Josie is still devastated by the loss of both John and Jacob in her life. She meets up with her friends who try to console her. Sera admits that things are not going so well with her boyfriend, and Lee admits that she has slept with her boyfriend but wishes she had waited. Chapter 32 Josie reflects on her year and realises that she has come to an understanding of who she is really is in relation to her school, family and community. She understands herself much better and is free.